IKEMA: SARCLISA + Kd
Adverse Reactions for SARCLISA + Kd
Permanent treatment discontinuation due to adverse reactions (grades 1 to 4)1,2
- The most frequent adverse reactions requiring permanent discontinuation were infections (2.8%, SARCLISA + Kd; 4.9%, Kd)1,2
- Dosage interruptions due to an adverse reaction occurred in 33% of patients who received SARCLISA. The most frequent adverse reaction requiring dosage interruption was IRR (30%)1
The addition of SARCLISA to Kddid not
discontinuations due to adverse reactions
vs Kd alone1,2
Adverse reactions (≥10%) in patients receiving SARCLISA + Kd with a
difference between arms of ≥5% compared with Kd alone1
aIRR includes IRR, cytokine release syndrome, and hypersensitivity.
bUpper respiratory tract infection includes acute sinusitis, chronic sinusitis, H1N1 inﬂuenza, H3N2 inﬂuenza, inﬂuenza, laryngitis, laryngitis viral, nasal herpes, nasopharyngitis, pharyngitis, pharyngotonsillitis, respiratory syncytial virus infection, rhinitis, sinusitis, sinusitis bacterial, tonsillitis, tracheitis, upper respiratory tract infection, viral rhinitis, respiratory tract infection, respiratory tract infection viral, inﬂuenza-like illness, parainﬂuenzae virus infection, respiratory tract infection bacterial, and viral upper respiratory tract infection.
cPneumonia includes atypical pneumonia, lower respiratory tract infection, lower respiratory tract infection viral, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, pneumonia, pneumonia inﬂuenzal, pneumonia legionella, pneumonia pneumococcal, pneumonia respiratory syncytial viral, pneumonia streptococcal, pneumonia viral, pulmonary sepsis, and pulmonary tuberculosis.
dBronchitis includes bronchitis, bronchitis viral, respiratory syncytial virus bronchitis, bronchitis chronic, and tracheobronchitis.
eHypertension includes hypertension, blood pressure increased, and hypertensive crisis.
fDyspnea includes dyspnea and dyspnea exertional.
gCough includes cough, productive cough, and allergic cough.
hFatigue includes fatigue and asthenia.
IRR=infusion-related reaction; Kd=carfilzomib and dexamethasone.
See the types of IRRs that occurred in the IKEMA trial and how to manage them
Serious adverse reactions1,2
- Serious adverse reactions occurred in 59% of patients receiving
SARCLISA + Kd
- The most frequent serious adverse reactions in >5% of patients who received SARCLISA + Kd were pneumonia (25%) and upper respiratory tract infections (9%)
- Fatal adverse reactions occurred in 3.4% of patients receiving SARCLISA + Kd (those occurring in >1% of patients were pneumonia in 1.7% and cardiac failure in 1.1% of patients) vs 3.3% in the Kd arm
Hematology laboratory abnormalities in patients receiving
SARCLISA + Kd vs Kd alone1
The denominator used to calculate the percentages was based on the safety population.
Complete blood cell counts should be monitored periodically during treatment. Patients with neutropenia should be monitored for signs of infection. In case of infection, appropriate standard therapy should be instituted. Antibiotics and antiviral prophylaxis can be considered during treatment.
- In IKEMA, cardiac failure was reported in 7.3% of patients in the SARCLISA + Kd group (grade ≥3, 4%) and in 6.6% of patients in the Kd group (grade ≥3, 4.1%)
- In IKEMA, serious cardiac failure was observed in 4% of patients in the SARCLISA + Kd group and in 3.3% of patients in the Kd group